Thomas Cameron’s Descendants 1762-1842

Thomas Cameron (1740-1820) & Marie-Françoise Roy (1744-1822)

Father: John Cameron
Mother: Mary Anne Fraser

Born around 1740-41 in Inverness, Scotland
Died 5 April 1820, and buried in Saint-Vallier (age 80)

Father: Augustin Roy (1710-1775)
Mother: Isabelle Fradet (1717-1788)

Born 31 August 1744 and baptized in Saint-Vallier, Bellechasse
Died 29 May 1822 and buried in Saint-Vallier (age 78)

Marriage: 6 July 1772 in Saint-Vallier, Bellechasse

Jean-Baptiste (1762-1841)
Thomas (1773-1796)
Charlotte (1774-1796)
Antoine (1776-1846)
Augustin (1777-1858)
Marie-Françoise (1782-?)

The Girl Who Married the Enemy

In 1763, my Roy ancestors were still living in Saint-Vallier. The farms around them, and maybe even their own, were destroyed by the British army in the summer of 1759. However, Nicolas Roy III and Thérèse Leclerc survived and thrived. Six of their ten children, born between 1774 and 1791, survived to adulthood, which allowed the bloodline to continue. 

My direct ancestor was Eustache, their youngest son. He was baptized on 5 February 1789 in Saint-Vallier. When he was twenty-two years old, he married Rosalie Cameron on 19 February 1811 in the same parish. Rosalie was twenty years old and had been baptized on 1 June 1791 in Saint-Vallier. 

Rosalie Cameron and Eustache Roy were related to one another through common ancestors. Going back a century, their third great-grandfather and grandmother were Nicolas Le Roy and Jeanne Lelièvre. Rosalie and Eustache were descendants of two of their sons: Nicolas and Noël. Nicolas, my ancestor following a direct male line, was the second great-grandfather of Eustache. Noël was the second great-grandfather of Rosalie Cameron. 

Rosalie has several Roy connections on the branches of her family tree. Her mother was Rosalie Roy, daughter of Jean-François Roy, descendant of Noël Le Roy, the son of Nicolas and Jeanne Lelièvre. Her grandmother on her father’s side was Françoise Roy, who was daughter of Augustin Roy, another son of Noël Le Roy. This means her two grandfathers were brothers and her parents were cousins once removed.

Before sharing the rest of the story of Eustache and Rosalie, I must segue into another story. You see, Cameron is not a French name, but a Scottish one. As far as I know, this is the only branch of my father’s ancestral tree that is not French. Rosalie was the daughter of Jean-Baptiste Cameron, who was born in Québec and had a French-Canadian mother, Françoise Roy and a Scottish father, Thomas Cameron. I learned a bit about the rather romantic story of Thomas Cameron and his wife Françoise Roy from l’Association de la famille Roy d’Amerique. Andrée Roy, member of the association, wrote to me and shared this information from an article she had written.

“For eleven years, Marie-Françoise Roy had been the lover of a soldier of the 78th Fraser Highlanders from the British army confined to Saint-Vallier before getting married and baptizing her first son on the same occasion, on 6 July 1772, in Saint-Vallier. She was twenty-seven years old.

In his “Histoire Populaire du Québec – Des Origines à 1791,” Jacques Lacoursiere writes, without indication, about a family in Saint-Vallier for whom the priest Thomas Blondeau decided to not administer the sacraments, because their daughter lived “as concubine with an English soldier.” The priest was summoned by the governor to justify his conduct. He did not change his mind in any case. Paul-Henri Roy, descendant of this couple, believes that these “victims” of discrimination were Françoise Roy and Thomas Cameron, since the Highlanders of Wolfe’s army were sent to Saint-Vallier during the winter of 1759-1760, notably to collect fire wood.

Joseph-Edmond Roy affirmed in his “Histoire de la seigneurie de Lauzon, Volume 2” that the priest Blondeau died in Saint-Vallier in 1770. It seems that two years later his successor, the reverend Charles Garault, felt more lenient towards the couple Cameron-Roy. It was he who married them and registered, in the same act, a child they had had together before this marriage, noting that this child was born on 19 August 1762, and had the name Jean-Baptiste [note: this is the father of Rosalie Cameron]. The priest Garault affirmed that the child had been baptized on the same day of his birth by the priest Blondeau. 

Now legitimately married, Marie-Françoise Roy had at least five more children with the Scottish soldier: Thomas in March 1773, Marie-Charles in July 1774, Antoine in January 1776, Augustin in November 1777 and Marie-Françoise in October 1782. One can suppose that the couple didn’t want, during the time they lived together, to impose another child to the hardship that the first-born had to endure. Imagine: a bastard of an enemy soldier!

The situation was not rosy for Marie-Françoise either. If it’s true that the priest Blondeau refused to give the family the blessing of marriage, one can imagine the tension that caused within the village. Françoise was the sixth of thirteen children who were born to Isabelle Fradet and Augustin Roy between 1737 and 1757 in Saint-Vallier. The refusal meant no blessing of marriage and of baptism, of the Eucharist, of penance, or of anointing before all of them and their loved ones in the village, for eleven whole years. That would have caused gossip, to say the least.”

This may explain why Jean-Baptiste Cameron married his cousin, Rosalie Roy. No doubt, the conflict that Thomas and Marie-Françoise had created caused quite a stir in Saint-Vallier and was a scandal for the Roy family. Who would marry a man who was born out of wedlock, other than another member of the Roy family? Andrée Roy finished her article showing the deep loyalty and love the couple had for one another: 

“Marie-Françoise Roy Cameron stayed at the side of the man she loved until her death in 1822. She was buried in Saint-Charles-de-Bellechasse, on 29 May 1822, when she was already the widow of Thomas Cameron. Thomas died on 5 April 1820 in Beaumont.”

When I connected with other Roy relations who are also descended from this couple during my visit to Québec in 2018, I received a copy and translation of the marriage certificate of Thomas and Marie-Françoise:

On the sixth of July one thousand seven hundred and seventy-two after the publication of two banns and parish masses on two consecutive Sundays for Thomas Cameron, son of the late John Cameron and Marie Ann Frazer, his father and mother, born in the city ​​of Inverness, Rosshire in the north of Britain, in Scotland, presently domiciled in this country in this parish on the one hand; and Françoise Roi [sic] daughter of Augustin Roi and Isabel Fradet, her father and mother, natives of this parish, on the other hand. The parties obtained exemption from the publication of a third bann, and having found no impediment or opposition, I the undersigned, parish priest of St-Vallier parish, received their mutual consent of marriage through the words of those present. I have given them the prayers according to the rules of the Holy Church, our mother. 

The two parties recognize and it was recognized by those present, their son Jean-Baptiste, created by them before their marriage, according to the declaration and the recognition which they make by this original deed and for ever after, in the presence of the witnesses of their marriage, namely Augustin Roi her father, and Louis-Jean Roi and Étienne Roi her uncles, Augustin Roi and Noël Roi her brothers, René – – – – – – – – -, Ignace Macknill [McNeil] and others, some of whom signed, the others said they did not know how to sign. Said and done, according to the order thus signed on this deed.

I learned from my new connection Andrée Roy that Ignace MacNeil, probably a frère d’armes and close friend of Thomas Cameron, found a wife in Saint-Vallier as well. On 9 January 1764, Ignace, son of John MacNeil and Mary O’Neil, from Barra, an island off Scotland, married Marie-Louise Therrien, daughter of Ignace Therrien and Angélique Audet, from Saint-François-de-la-Rivière-du-Sud in Montmagny, a village near Saint-Vallier. 

She found in a Catalog of Catholic Immigrants from the British Isles before 1825 that Ignace arrived in Québec City in 1763. Perhaps he had gone back to Scotland after the war, but then returned after the peace treaty was signed in 1763. That could explain why he was eligible to marry a French-Canadian woman. He died on 10 November 1773, thirty-five years old. 

Thomas Cameron was evidently one of the soldiers who stayed and settled down in Canada after it became a British colony in 1763. He had found Françoise, but for eleven years had to live with her “in sin” because of an obstinate Catholic priest who didn’t agree with marrying a Catholic girl to an enemy soldier. 

The woman he stayed in Québec for was the sixth child of Augustin Roy and Isabelle Fradet. She was baptized in Saint-Vallier on 31 October 1744 and her godfather was Jacques Roy who was possibly her uncle, Jacques-Philippe Roy (1717-1773), while her godmother was Marie-Françoise Beaudoin, wife of François Marceaux. 

My suspicion is that Thomas and Françoise met well before the hard winter of 1761-1762, maybe as early as the winter of 1759-1760. From the birthdate of their son, Jean-Baptiste, born out of wedlock on 19 August 1762, they must have been living together during the later part of the year 1761, when she was seventeen and he was twenty-one. 

The couple married on 6 July 1772 when Françoise was twenty-eight and Thomas was thirty-two, a few years before Françoise’s father Augustin died in 1775. Her mother died in 1788. Françoise must have taken some comfort from the fact that her parents were able to witness her marriage, making her children and her union with Thomas Cameron legitimate.

The Children of Thomas and Françoise:

JEAN-BAPTISTE, their eldest son was my direct ancestor, born on 19 August 1762. He married Rosalie Roy, his second cousin, on 6 October 1788; they lived in Saint-Vallier and had eleven children together. Jean-Baptiste died on 14 May 1841 at the age of sixty-eight and was buried in Saint-Anselme, Bellechasse.

THOMAS baptized on 2 April 1773 in Saint-Vallier, died at the age of twenty-three and was buried in the same parish on 23 March 1796.

CHARLOTTE, baptized on 16 July 1774, married Thomas Fitzgibbon in Saint-Vallier on 12 November 1792 when they were both eighteen. They had three children who married; she died on 4 October 1796 when she was twenty-two years old and was buried in Québec City.

ANTOINE baptized on 6 January 1776, married Marie-Louise Bourg on 30 April 1797 in Saint-Vallier. They had at least three children. Antoine died at the age of seventy and was buried in Beaumont on 3 March 1846.

AUGUSTIN baptized on 15 November 1777, his godparents were Augustin Fraser and Marie-Louise [last name illegible]. He married Angelique Molleur dit Lallemand in 1802 when he was twenty-five years old. They had three known children before Augustin died at the age of eighty-one and was buried on 16 October 1858 in Beaumont parish.

MARIE-FRANÇOISE baptized on 28 October 1782, married Gabriel Dangeuger dit Lechasseur on 1 April 1799 in Saint-Vallier. Children are unknown. Death unknown. 

Jean-Baptiste Cameron (1762-1841) and Rosalie Roy (1768-1833)

Born 19 August 1762 (out of wedlock), baptized 6 July 1772 in Saint-Vallier
Died 12 May 1841, and buried the 14th in Saint-Vallier (age 79)

Father: Jean-François Roy (1733-1811)
Mother: Rosalie Tanguay (1742-1812)

Born 8 December 1768 and baptized in Saint-Vallier
Died 28 January 1833 and buried in Saint-Vallier (age 65)

Marriage: 6 October 1788 in Saint-Vallier

Jean-Baptiste (1789-1867)
Rosalie (1791-1842)
Cecile (1792-1883)
Prisque (1794-ca.1851)
Angèle (1796-?)
Thomas (1797-?)
Marie Anastasie (1799-1882)
Marguerite (1801-1834)
Pierre (1803-?)
Eustache (1805-1886)
Archange (1806-?)
Marie-Soulange (1808-1878)
Lazare (1811-1856)

The Oldest Son of Thomas Cameron

My bloodline continues through my fourth great-grandfather Jean-Baptiste Cameron, the eldest son of Thomas and Françoise. He was mentioned to be a carpenter and furniture maker by trade in the birth records of his children. He married Rosalie Roy in Saint-Vallier when he was twenty-six. 

Rosalie, baptized on 8 December 1768 in Saint-Vallier, was the twenty-year-old daughter of Jean-François Roy and Rosalie Tanguay, cousins of his mother Françoise Roy. By marrying Rosalie, Jean-Baptiste married his second cousin. Although I can’t be sure, it seems to me that the stigma attached to being born out of wedlock and his parents living “in sin” for so many years may have had some impact on the number of women who were willing to marry him. In any case, for their marriage, the bishop granted dispensation for their blood relationship (called “consanguinity” which means descended from the same ancestor), seeing as how it was “to the third degree,” that is, their children would be three generations removed from incest because their great-grandparents were siblings.

On the sixth of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, after the publication of three banns in parish masses for three consecutive Sundays between Jean-Baptiste, the son of Thomas Cameron and Françoise Roy, his father and mother of this parish, on one hand; and Rosalie, daughter of François Roy and Rosalie Tanguay, her father and mother, also of this parish on the other hand; and not having found any other impediment other than a blood relationship of consanguinity to the third degree, for which the Monseigneur Bishop of Québec has provided a dispensation on the date of twenty-ninth of September in the present year and has attached the minutes of those present; I, the undersigned priest of Saint-Vallier, having received from them their mutual consent of marriage and by those present, as a consequence have given them the nuptial benediction following the rules of our mother church and in the presence of witnesses, who are named: Thomas Cameron father of the groom, François Roy the groom’s brother [in law?], Philippe Leclaire, father of the bride [Jean-] François Roy, the bride’s grandfather Joseph [-Noël] Roy, Michel Moreau, and others.

The Children of Jean-Baptiste and Rosalie:

JEAN-BAPTISTE, born on 10 August 1789 in Saint-Vallier, married his first wife Marie Houde on 14 August 1809 in Sainte-Gervais with whom he had two children; he married his second wife Marie Blanchet in Saint-Gervais parish on 12 September 1825 with whom he had four children. He died at age seventy-eight and was buried in Saint-Anselm of Dorchester parish on 8 November 1867.

ROSALIE, the eldest daughter of Jean-Baptiste and Rosalie Roy and was born on 1 June 1791 in Saint-Vallier. Her godfather was François Roy and her godmother Charlotte Cameron (her father’s sister). She married her first husband, Jean Jalbert on 3 July 1809 with whom she had one child. After becoming widow, she married Eustache (my direct ancestor) on 19 February 1811 with whom she had six children. She died at the age of fifty-one and was buried 24 November 1842 in Sainte-Marie-de-Beauce.

CECILE, born 21 November 1792, she married François Berthiaume on 7 January 1818 in Notre-Dame of Québec. They had ten children together. She died on 3 March 1883 at the age of ninety-one.

PRISQUE, born 9 June 1794, he married Flavie L’Heureux on 17 August 1819 with whom he had at least three children. He died before 1851.

ANGELE, born 5 August 1796, her godparents were Gabriel Belanger and Marie-Josephe Roy; she married Michel Couture on 30 January 1815 in Saint-Gervais parish with whom she had twelve children. 

THOMAS, baptized on 28 September 1797 in Saint-Vallier, married Marie Canac dit Marquis on 22 January 1821 in Saint-Gervais parish with whom he had nine children.

MARIE ANASTASIE, was born on 1 August 1799. She married William Fisher Scott on 17 August 1819 in Québec City; they had at least two children. She became widow and remarried on 30 July 1833 to Joseph Gauvin. She died at the age of ninety-three and was buried in Notre-Dame-de-Québec parish on 23 March 1882.

MARGUERITE, born and baptized on 10 May 1801 in Saint-Gervais, Bellechasse; her godparents were Jean-Baptiste Guerette and Marguerite Roy. She married the farmer Jean Henry on 22 November 1820 in Saint-Gervais and had with him six children. Marguerite died at the age of thirty-three and was buried on 2 August 1834 in Saint-Marie, Beauce.

PIERRE, baptized on 31 January 1803.

EUSTACHE, born on 20 June 1805, his godparents were Eustache Roy and Marguerite Mercier; he married Angele Masson on 27 November 1827 in Notre Dame de Québec with whom he had five children. He died at the age of eighty-one and was buried on 27 September 1886.

ARCHANGE, born around 1806, married Alexandre Pouliot on 8 November 1825 and had with him at least three children. 

MARIE-SOULANGE, baptized on 1 August 1808, married Joseph Thomas dit Bigaouette on 1 May 1827 in Saint-Gervais when she was nineteen years old. She died at the age of seventy and was buried on 3 February 1878 in Saint-Sauveur.

MAGLOIRE, born on 13 December 1809 in Saint-Gervais, married Marguerite Rouleau on 25 October 1831 in Saint-Laurent parish on the Isle of Orléans, with whom he had six children; he died at the age of forty-five and was buried on 1 August 1854 in Notre-Dame-de Québec parish.

LAZARE, born on 2 October 1811 in Saint-Gervais, married Madeleine Giguere on 30 October 1838 in Saint-François parish on the Isle of Orléans with whom he had one known child; he is mentioned to be a blacksmith by trade in his marriage record. He died at the age of forty-five and was buried on 16 May 1856 in Saint-Roch, Québec City.

The couple lived around Saint-Vallier at least until 1799 because they had several of their children baptized in that parish up to that point. In 1801, Marguerite, their eighth child was baptized in Saints-Gervais-et-Protais, located in Bellechasse, about twenty-five kilometers to the southwest of the parish of Saint-Vallier. The new parish was established in 1780 and became the current parish of Saint-Gervais. It is inland from the St. Lawrence River and has as its borders the parishes of Saint-Etienne-de-Beaumont and Saint-Anselme. 

According to the web page of the current municipality of Saint-Gervais, between 1755 and 1758, during the “Grande Dérangement” (Great Upheaval or Acadian Expulsion), two successive groups of Acadians escaping deportation were welcomed onto these lands of the lord of Beaumont. The Sieur Michel-Jean Péan, lord of Livaudières, granted the first lands to seven families of refugees, then to a group of thirteen other families in 1755-56. Those first-comers would be followed by a group of Scots, then French-Canadians, ancestors of current Gervaisiens. 

This would explain why Jean-Baptiste Cameron was compelled to move to this particular area, where he might have found some fellow Scots or descendants of Scots, like himself. The expulsion of Acadia occurred during the French and Indian War, and was part of the British military campaign against New France. The British deported Acadians (French-speaking people living in what was called l’Acadie, and what is now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and northern Maine) first to the Thirteen Colonies, and then to Britain and France. In all, of the over fourteen thousand Acadians, about eleven thousand were deported. Possibly 2,600 escaped and remained in the colony. When Louisiana was transferred to the Spanish government in 1762, Acadians began to settle there, after choosing to take an oath of loyalty. In 1764, the British government allowed Acadians to legally return to British territories, if they took an oath of allegiance. Some returned to Nova Scotia, but found the land they once owned under new ownership. 

When the Cameron couple moved to Saint-Anselme parish in the seigneury of Lauzon is unknown, but it was likely some time around 1827 when their youngest daughter Soulange was married there. Saint-Anselme parish was established in 1827, so it may follow that they moved there around that same period of time. It does appear from baptism, marriage and burial records that the family had definitively left Saint-Vallier by 1801. In the baptism record of Marguerite in 1801, Jean-Baptiste was still referred to as “menusier,” or carpenter. Perhaps he had earned the respect of the parish in Saint-Gervais, because by 1809 his occupation at the baptism of their son Magloire was given as “huissier” or bailiff. It’s unclear if this was a position for the church or for a local court. The word can also mean “usher.” This was a farming community, but also came to have industry with a forge and foundry. The church was built there in 1850. The village is located on the Etchemin River, about fifteen kilometers west of Saint-Gervais.

Jean-Baptiste Cameron, the son of Thomas and Françoise, died on 12 May and was buried on 14 May 1841 in Saint-Anselme parish. He was eighty years old. His wife Rosalie Roy had died on 28 January 1833 at age sixty-five and was buried in the same parish.

Eustache Roy (1789-1870) and Rosalie Cameron (1791-1842)

Born 5 February 1789, baptized in Saint-Vallier
Died 18 October 1870, and buried in Saint-Marie, Beauce (age 81)

Father: Jean-Baptiste Cameron (1762-1841)
Mother: Rosalie Roy (1768-1833)

Born 1 June 1791 and baptized in Saint-Vallier
Died 24 November 1842 and buried in Saint-Marie, Beauce (age 51)

Marriage: 19 February 1811 in Saint-Vallier

Elisabeth (1812-1878)
François-Regis (1813-?)
Angèle (1814-1877)
Euphrosine (1817-1820)
David (1819-ca.1881)
Eustache (1821-1894)

Two Roy Branches Come Together

Rosalie Cameron, the eldest daughter of Jean-Baptiste Cameron and Rosalie Roy, married Jean Jalbert on 3 July 1809 when she was eighteen in Saint-Gervais. They had a son named JEAN, born in 1810, who married Hélène Bilodeau and had eleven children. Rosalie’s first husband Jean Jalbert died some time in 1810.

She then married Eustache Roy, son of Nicolas Roy III (1754-1833) and Thérèse Leclerc. This brings us back to the direct, patrilineal line of the Roy tree. Eustache Roy was born on 5 February 1789. His baptism record: 

On the fifth of February, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, witnessed by us, the undersigned, the parish priest of Saint-Vallier, has baptized Eustache, born today of the legitimate marriage of Nicolas Roy and of Thérèse Leclair, his father and mother, the godfather was Eustache Roy and the godmother Marie Thibault and others present. Priest: Father Garault

Their story is another example of how families that lived in the same parish became intermingled. The godfather of Eustache, also named Eustache Roy, was his father’s cousin and was married to Genevieve Fortin. She was a sister of Antoine Fortin who had land next to that of the child’s father. Antoine Fortin was also the step-father of Genevieve’s husband, Eustache Roy. Genevieve Fortin’s mother was Marguerite Leblond, daughter of Martin Leblond, who was father-in-law of Marthe Morissette and the brother of Madeleine Leblond who married Nicolas Roy Junior. It seems that the longer families remained in one place, the more intermingled they became.

It is possible that Rosalie and Eustache had already known each other for a while when they married on 19 February 1811, because Eustache (or possibly his godfather) is listed as the godfather of Rosalie’s brother Eustache Cameron in 1805. According to a “process verbal” report regarding “le chainage des terres d’Antoine Fortin, François Gosselin, Nicolas Roy et Etienne Blais” of the parish of Saint-Vallier who had land there bordering the river, Eustache’s father, Nicolas Roy had land close to that of Thomas Cameron. The report refers to the boundaries and measurements of their lands, and in a crude, hand-drawn map, it shows that to the east of the land of Nicolas Roy, after that of Etienne Blais, was the land of Thomas Cameron. The two men would have known each other well. 

There was a fourteen years’ difference in age between the two men and the ages of their children were about the same. But when Thomas’s son Jean-Baptiste Cameron, who was twelve years older than Nicolas’s oldest son, had children, his eldest daughter was about the same age as Nicolas’s youngest son. So Thomas Cameron’s granddaughter married Nicolas Roy’s son.

Rosalie was twenty and Eustache was twenty-two years old when they married in Saint-Vallier. The marriage record reads:

On the nineteenth of February 1811 the priest of St. Vallier, the undersigned, after the publication of the banns of marriage according to the orders of the Monseigneur of Québec, one in the parish of St. Gervais and one in St. Henri, we are present for the marriage between Eustache Roy, son of Nicolas Roy and Marie-Thérèse Leclerc, his father and mother, of this parish of Saint-Vallier on one hand; and Marie Rosalie Cameron, wife of the deceased Jean-Baptiste Jalbert on the other hand. Etc. Etc. We give the nuptial blessing in the presence of Nicolas Roy [father of the groom], François Gosselin (paternal uncle [married to his father’s sister]), Joseph Roy (brother in law), Rémy et Jacques Leclerc (his maternal uncles), Jean-Baptiste Cameron (father of the bride), Jean-Baptiste and Prisque Cameron (her brothers), René Roy (her maternal uncle), who have declared that they don’t know how to sign, except for René and François Roy, who signed below. 

Although they married in Saint-Vallier, and Eustache may have been living there until his marriage to Rosalie, they soon moved to the Lauzon seigneury, because their first child, born in 1812, was baptized there. The subsequent children were also baptized in this seigneury, either in the parish of Saint-Henri or Saint-Joseph, except for Euphrosine, who was baptized in Saint-Gervais, where Rosalie’s father and mother were living at the time.

This moving around for nine years, from 1812 through 1821, is indicative of the changes the farming families were experiencing in the early nineteenth century. Eventually, the couple settled down in Sainte-Marie, a different seigneury. Four of their children married in Sainte-Marie-de-Beauce.

Eustache was listed at the birth of his son David as day laborer (journalier). A day laborer was someone who would take on whatever work was available at the time. He was often someone without a trade and not highly educated. This being the early 1800s, he may have worked on the docks, as a lumberjack, or, when industrialization began, he could have worked in a factory. He might have also hired himself out to work on another person’s farm. This last option is the more likely scenario. In later records, such as in the marriage record of David, Eustache is mentioned to be a farmer.

Rosalie Cameron died at age fifty-one and was buried on 24 November 1842 in Sainte-Marie-de-Beauce. Eustache, who does not appear to have remarried, lived to age eighty-one and was buried on 18 October 1870 in the same parish.

The Children of Eustache and Rosalie

ELISABETH, baptized on 23 January 1812 in Saint-Henri de Lauzon, Lévis, married Antoine Rheaume, farmer, on 19 July 1831 when she was nineteen years old. They had twelve children. She died at age sixty-six and was buried on 23 November 1878.

FRANÇOIS-REGIS, baptized on 19 June 1813 in Saint-Henri.

ANGELE, baptized on 2 December 1814 in Saint-Henri, married Pierre Hébert, farmer, on 28 January 1834 in Sainte-Marie when she was twenty years old. They had thirteen children. She died at age sixty-three and was buried on 22 May 1877 in Sainte-Marie, Beauce. 

EUPHROSINE, baptized on 13 March 1817 in Saint-Gervais (Bellechasse). She died at age three and was buried on 6 September 1820 in Pointe-Lévy.

DAVID (my direct ancestor), was baptized on 3 April 1819 in Saint-Joseph parish, in Pointe-Lévis, and married Angelique Zoé Lacroix on 25 February 1840 in Sainte-Marie when he was twenty-one years old. They had eleven children and he died around 1881 in Jacques-Cartier, Québec City at the age of sixty-two.

EUSTACHE (or AUGUSTIN), baptized 28 June 1821 in Saint-Joseph parish, married Marie Ouellet on 5 October 1841 at the age of twenty. His occupation was farmer. He died at age seventy-three and was buried on 16 February 1894.

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